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sewing machine bobbin winder

 

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Access our complete list of sewing, quilting, embroidery and ScanNCut machine manuals to help you set up and maintain your Brother machine.

 

 

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Brother SupportCenter App

At Brother we’re always ‘at your side’ and will be with you every step of your sewing journey. Our support app is only a click away, so download today.

What you will find on the app:

  • Operation Manual (PDF format)
  • Suggested combination of fabric, type of needle and thread
  • How to use standard and optional accessories
  • Stitch pattern chart
  • How-to-use and How-to-make short videos

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Your Brother sewing machine is made to use a bobbin specifically designed to give the best stitching results. It's important to use only original Brother bobbins of the correct size for your machine. Using 3rd party bobbins may result in poor stitch quality or even damage your machine.

All modern top loading Brother sewing machines will use an 11.5 mm bobbin, while and some older models will use a 9.2mm bobbin. Check your machine manual for the correct size.

Metal bobbins must never be used with a Brother sewing machine equipped with a top-loading or quick-set bobbin system.

Make sure the thread is wound onto your bobbin evenly. When winding thread onto your bobbin the thread needs to go right underneath the tension disc on the top of the machine. Follow the guide on your machine or the instructions in your manual.

Set your bobbin correctly into the machine. For top loading bobbins, the thread needs to be going around the bobbin in an anti-clockwise direction. Use the guides on your machine for help or refer to your instruction manual.
 

The sewing machine needle is probably the most important part of the sewing machine. Choosing the proper needle for your sewing project will result in a beautiful finish and fewer problems.

Below are some things to keep in mind about needles:

  • The smaller the needle number, the finer the needle. As the numbers increase, the needles get thicker.
  • Use fine needles with lightweight fabrics, and thicker needles with heavyweight fabrics.
  • To avoid skipped stitches use ball point needle (golden coloured) 90/14 with stretch fabrics.
  • To avoid skipped stitches use ball point needle (golden coloured) 90/14 when sewing character or decorative stitches.
  • Use needle 75/11 for embroidery.
  • We recommend that a 90/14 needle should be used when embroidering on heavyweight fabrics or stabilizing products (for example denim, puffy foam, etc.). A 75/11 needle may bend or break which could result in injury.
  • Ballpoint needles (golden coloured) 90/14 are not recommended for embroidery as they may bend or break.

Sewing with a bent needle is extremely dangerous since the needle may break while the machine is being operated.

Before using the needle, place the flat side of the needle on a flat surface and check that the distance between the needle and the flat surface is even.

The sewing machine needle that you should use depends on the fabric and thread thickness.
Refer to the following table when choosing the thread and needle appropriate for the fabric that you wish to sew.


Fabric Type/Application

Thread

Size of Needle

Type

Size

Medium weight fabrics

Broadcloth

Cotton thread

60 – 90

75/11 – 90/14

Taffeta

Synthetic thread

Flannel,
Gabardine

Silk thread

50

Thin fabrics

Lawn

Cotton thread

60 – 90

65/9 – 75/11

Georgette

Synthetic thread

Challis,
Satin

Silk thread

50

Thick fabrics

Denim

Cotton thread

30

100/16

50

90/14 – 100/16

Corduroy

Synthetic thread

50 – 60

Tweed

Silk thread

Stretch fabrics

Jersey

Thread for knits

50 – 60

Ballpoint needle
75/11 – 90/14
(gold coloured)

Tricot

Easily frayed fabrics

Cotton thread

50 – 90

65/9 – 90/14

Synthetic thread

Silk thread

50

For top-stitching

Synthetic thread,
Silk thread

30

100/16

50 – 60

75/11 – 90/14

 

Note:
Never use a thread of weight 20 or lower as it may cause malfunctions.

If your machine has drop feed, check that the feed has not been accidentally lowered. If it has, raise the feed to ensure the fabric will move forward.

If you have a mechanical machine, check that the foot is lowered before sewing. Computerised machines will remind you to do this.

Check the stitch length on your machine – if it is too low the machine might not feed through enough.

Refer to your instruction manual for general set up of your machine.

Some common quick fixes:

  • Check that the bobbin winder shaft is not pushed to the right; if it is, then push it to the left.
  • Check the machine is threaded correctly ensuring the threading line on the hand wheel is at the top position (this puts the needle into the correct position for threading). Make sure the presser foot is lifted before threading the machine. Set your bobbin correctly into the machine. For top loading bobbins, the thread needs to be going around the bobbin in an anti-clockwise direction. Use the guides on your machine or refer to your instruction manual. If you have a mechanical machine, check that the foot is lowered before sewing. Computerised machines will remind you to do this.

Try re-threading the top thread, ensuring the threading line indicator on the hand wheel is positioned to the top (this puts the thread take-up lever at threading point 3, the correct position for threading).

Use a good quality thread – it's common for inexpensive low-quality threads or threads designed for hand sewing to be the cause of what appears to be tension problems when there is nothing wrong with the machine. Using thread that does not pull through smoothly can cause thread breakages, poor stitching or damage to your machine. For best results, you should use a good quality, branded thread.

To check if your thread is suitable for use on a sewing machine thread your machine with the foot raised. The thread should pull through the machine with no tightness.

Try:

  • re-threading the top thread ensuring the threading line indicator on the hand wheel is positioned to the top (this puts the thread take-up lever at threading point 3, the correct position for threading)checking you haven’t missed the take-up lever (this will cause the thread to gather under the material)
  • re-threading the top thread, with your presser foot raised (threading your machine with the foot down will result in no tension being applied to the top thread because the tension discs are closed)checking the position of your bobbin case and resetting as per instruction manual checking the tension settings – if the setting is too low, reset the tension to setting number 4